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TEST PILOT LOUIS SCHALK 
Lockheed
Schalk in flight suit for F-104

Lockheed Test Pilot Lou Schalk dismounting from chase plane
Lockheed Photo of Lou
Photo furnished by Lockheed-Martin
CIA and Schalk
Photographed at Groom Lake - Lou Shalk being
congratulated by the customer
Shalk flying F-104 chase plane for first YF-12 Flight
Groom Lake
First flight of the YF-12. Lockheed Test Pilot Louis Shalk is flying the F-104 chase plane

Schalk A-12 First Flight


On 26 April 1962, Lockheed test pilot Louis Schalk took Article #121 for an unofficial, unannounced, maiden flight lasting some 40 minutes. Schalk also flew the first official flight on April 30, 1962. He broke the sound barrier on the second official flight, 4 May 1962, reaching Mach 1.1.

Blackbird Laurels Award

BLACKBIRD LAURELS MEDALLION POSTHUMOUSLY AWARDED LOU AFTER HIS BEING INDUCTED INTO THE BLACKBIRD LAURELS FRATERNITY, AN ELITE HONOR SOCIETY FOUNDED BY THE FLIGHT TEST HISTORICAL FOUNDATION

Dove
FRIDAY, 16 August 2002
Today the aviation world lost to leukemia, Louis Schalk, one of its pioneers. Wishing Lou bon voyage on this his final flight, Roadrunners Internationale highlites his noted achievements in remembrance of one of its premier members.

*****

Born Louis Wellington "Lou" Schalk Jr. - Alden, Iowa on May 29, 1926, Lou is survived by: Wife: Louise Cochran Schalk, Fairfax, VA, Daughter: Nancie Schalk Johnson, Alexandria, VA (husband Joel Johnson), (daughter Monique, son Joel A. Johnson), Son: Thomas "Tom" Schalk, Dallas, TX, (wife Debra), Son: Louis "Lee" Wellington Schalk III, Potomac, MD (2 sons Carson and Mason), Sister: Dr. Barbara Schalk Thomas, from Iowa City, Iowa, and Brother: Dr. Thomas Schalk, from Kalamazoo, MI

Graduated U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1948 and Commissioned in the U.S. Air Force.

Graduated from Pilot Training and received his wings at Nellis AFB, NV.

Assigned to the 86th Fighter Bomber Wing in Germany.

Returned to Craig AFB, AL where he graduated from Flight Instructors School.

Assigned as Flight Instructor at Laredo AFB, TX

Graduated 1st in his class at the USAF Experimental Test Pilot School, Edwards AFB, CA in 1954 and assigned to Fighter Operations. His superiors included Pete Everest and Chuck Yeager. For 3 years he tested a variety of high performance aircraft including the F-100, F-101 and F-104.

In June of 1957 Schalk joined Lockheed Aircraft as an Engineering Test Pilot. In 1959 he was selected as Kelly Johnson's Chief Test Pilot for Lockheed's highly classified Advanced Development Program known as the "Skunk Works." He designed the cockpit and interfaced with system engineers on the refinements of the revolutionary high speed, high altitude A-12, YF-12 and SR-71 "Blackbirds."

On April 26, 1962 Lou Schalk made aviation history when he became the first to fly the A-12 Blackbird. He continued with many additional A-12 flights at Groom Lake, Nevada, under the watchful eye of the CIA run USAF supported program. He made the first four flights exceeding mach 3.0 with a top speed 2,287 mph above 90,000 feet.

Louis Schalk flew over 70 different aircraft and has over 5,000 hours of flight time.

In 1964 Lou received the Society of Experimental Test Pilots (SETP) "Iven C. Kincheloe Award." He became an SETP Associate Fellow in 1967.

In 1999 Lou was an honoree of the Lancaster, CA "Aerospace Walk of Honor." This prestigious award recognizes the outstanding contributions of experimental test pilots to the aerospace industry. Other outstanding honorees include Gen. "Jimmy" Doolittle, Col. "Pete" Knight, Brig. Gen. "Chuck" Yeager and Astronaut Neil Armstrong.

On April 2002 Louis Schalk was inducted into the Blackbird Laurels Fraternity, an elite society founded by the Flight Test Historical Foundation, Edwards AFB, CA.

As an Air Force pilot Lou was trained to fire cannons and drop bombs. In reality he became a Cold War Warrior through his heroic exploits as a pioneering test pilot. He willingly faced the dangerous task of experimental flying that put him in harms way every time he climbed into the cockpit of the Blackbird. His aeronautical accomplishments tested the confines of space as he set new speed and altitude records. He rewrote aviation history and paved the way for a renewed national reconnaissance effort after the capture of Francis Gary Powers when his U-2 was shot down over Russia on May 1, 1960.

In the extremely hazardous world of test pilots, Lou's Schalk's achievements reflected directly on the success of the A-12 and SR-71 operational missions that followed. His efforts help perfect the photo and electronic intelligence collected by the Blackbirds.

If you asked former CIA pilot Frank Murray how important Lou's early testing of the Blackbird was, he would tell you about a White House directed mission he flew out of Kadena Air Base, Okinawa in 1968. The A-12 performed flawlessly and Frank's mission provided President Johnson and staff with photos of the USS Pueblo, a U.S. Navy vessel under attack off the coast of North Korea. This is but one example of the importance of timely intelligence provided Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson that impacted our Nation as well as the world political scene.

On April 27, 2002 over 1400 visitors attended the Blackbird Airpark 40th Anniversary celebration of Lou's First Flight. As always, in his own quiet way, he was there autographing posters and talking to aviation enthusiasts. None of us knew he was suffering from leukemia.

Photo from Starduster News Letter
Photo furnished by Gil Ceforatt, Lockheed Retiree and Writer for Star Duster Newsletter
L-R: Nancy Johnson (widow of C.L. "Kelly" Johnson), Louis Schalk and Louise Schalk
Schalk, Knight, Yeager, LeVier
First and Fastest
Lou Schalk, Pete Knight, Chuck Yeager, Tony LaVier
LOUIS "LOU" SCHALK
By: Carol L. Osborne
Aviation Historian

Lou Schalk, former chief test pilot for Lockheed Advanced Development Corporation (now Lockheed Martin Skunk Works), worked in secrecy on the development and test flying of the Blackbird airplane. The project was a top-secret CIA reconnaissance program and until recently much about this plane and its development was classified. Naturally some is still hidden in
secrecy. Lou Schalk was one of the very few who worked with C. L. "Kelly" Johnson and the Lockheed Skunk Works team, in the middle of the Cold War, developing the Blackbird, STILL flying more than 35 years later!!

Lou Schalk graduated from West Point in 1948 and was commissioned in the Air Force. After completing flying school at Nellis AFB in September 1949, he was assigned to the 86th Fighter Bomber Wing in Germany. His duties brought him back to the United States for studies at the Pilot Instructor School at Craig AFB and nine months of instructing at Laredo AFB before enrolling at the USAF Test Pilot School at Edwards AFB.

Graduating FIRST in his class at Test Pilot School, Lou was assigned to fighter operations at Edwards, where his instructors were Pete Everest and Chuck Yeager. Initially he completed the Instructor's Gunnery Course at Nellis and was assigned to various test programs.

In June 1957, after completing the Phase II tests on the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter, Lou joined Lockheed and became an engineering test pilot for Lockheed Aircraft. In 1959, he joined Kelly Johnson's "Skunk Works" and became Chief Test Pilot for Lockheed's Advanced Development Programs.

Lou Schalk designed the cockpit and interfaced with the systems engineers on the A-12, YF-12 and SR-71 Blackbird prior to making the first thirteen flights on the A-12, which commenced on April 26, 1962.

Continuing in the Blackbird program, he made the first four flights exceeding Mach 3.0 with a top speed of Mach 3.287 (2,287 mph) and subsequent flights above Mach 3.0 as the inlet, engine, and afterburner were fine-tuned for maximum efficiency. This testing was done at altitudes sometimes exceeding 90,000 feet.

Lou left Lockheed's flight test program and test flying in June 1964 to accept a position with North American Aeronautics, where he remained for ten years before resigning to devote full time to the field of real estate. In his career, he has flown 70 different aircraft, compiling 5,000 hours in ten years of engineering flight test.


On 31 May 2003 Lou Schalk was inducted into the Iowa Aviation Hall of Fame. Louis Schalk accepted the award in behalf of her late husband.

Photos of the event contributed by Roadrunner Bill Fox
Click on images to enlarge
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Article by
Jennifer Main
Creston News



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